Hubal was Arabic god of war and he was especially worhiped in Mecca. He was god of rain and abundance. It was believed that having Hubal on your side in battle would bring great victories.
He was the chief god of Banu Khuza´a, Banu Kinanah and Banu Quraysh tribes. Hubal was believed to look like older, bearded man. Statue of him was located in the city of Ka´abadi. Hubal was the son of the goddess Manat and the grandson of the creator god Allah. He was the advisor of his aunt, goddess of war al-Uzza. His brother was Wadd, god of the moon. Before going into the battle the members of Quraysh tribe invoked his power in a ritual by shouting ”U´lu Hubal” meaning ”Hubal is invinsible”.
Hubal was also the god of business, merchandice and finance. In Mecca the oracles and investors performed rituals in front of Hubal´s statue. They used arrows for divination and sacrificed chamels for the god.
Hubal was also worshiped by Nabatean tribes who lived in the northern part of arabic peninsula near the river Jordan. Nabatean culture was mixture of Arabic and Aramean languages customs and traditions. For the northern Arabs Hubal was the god of spring water and fountains and he was connected to the healing powers of water.
Nabatean name of Hubal, Hblw (Hubaluw) means a spirit.
It is possible that the origins of Hubal lies in Mesopotamia and ancient Mesopotamian war and water deities (modern day Iran) where his cult spread to south to the Arabic peninsula.
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