Many years ago people believed that if a child was born ill or deformed that child was changeling from the land of the fey and the healthy human child was taken by the fairies. I´ve find this similar belief from all over Europe all the way from Finland to Scotland.
Graphite on sketchbook.
Anyone wants to go for a haunted house tour with me? hahaah when I told my tutor I would love to illustrate some haunted houses she said that is straigth up my valley. Oh they know me too well.
Watercolor on sketch book.
Cunning fox in the sketch book. I am trying out new materials to draw with so this was drawn with with a twig that was dipped into indian ink. I don´t know if you can seen them but there is an angry crow in the back chasing the fox.
Hubal was Arabic god of war and he was especially worhiped in Mecca. He was god of rain and abundance. It was believed that having Hubal on your side in battle would bring great victories.
He was the chief god of Banu Khuza´a, Banu Kinanah and Banu Quraysh tribes. Hubal was believed to look like older, bearded man. Statue of him was located in the city of Ka´abadi. Hubal was the son of the goddess Manat and the grandson of the creator god Allah. He was the advisor of his aunt, goddess of war al-Uzza. His brother was Wadd, god of the moon. Before going into the battle the members of Quraysh tribe invoked his power in a ritual by shouting ”U´lu Hubal” meaning ”Hubal is invinsible”.
Hubal was also the god of business, merchandice and finance. In Mecca the oracles and investors performed rituals in front of Hubal´s statue. They used arrows for divination and sacrificed chamels for the god.
Hubal was also worshiped by Nabatean tribes who lived in the northern part of arabic peninsula near the river Jordan. Nabatean culture was mixture of Arabic and Aramean languages customs and traditions. For the northern Arabs Hubal was the god of spring water and fountains and he was connected to the healing powers of water.
Nabatean name of Hubal, Hblw (Hubaluw) means a spirit.
It is possible that the origins of Hubal lies in Mesopotamia and ancient Mesopotamian war and water deities (modern day Iran) where his cult spread to south to the Arabic peninsula.
I was supposed to show pictures of my dollhouse already last month but I was too busy. So I will share some photos with you now. When I was a kid I loved all kinds of toy houses, Barbie houses, lego-houses, doll houses, miniature houses..you name it. I have this little Lundby house at my mom´s home back in Finland. It is not a boring house. Sometimes fairies are staying in and there are tons of ghosts that wonder around.
Doll house Christmas tree is all sparkly and silver. Can you spot Olaf from the photo?
Someone is making ginger breads!
I also have some moomin characters visiting. Many years ago I had a moomin house made of cardboard but eventually I had to give it up since it took too much space. I still got the characters. I made them all from fimo clay.
Sniff of course is next to the Christmas foods.
Little bunny is upstairs admiring the holiday decorations. Fairy painting on the back is painted by my friend Janna.
Can you feel the winter magic!
I always try to put a miniature wreath into every door.
I like to call this as the "witche´s bedroom". Hhahha and there is the ghost of Christmas coming down the stairs.
Moomin I hope you are not afraid of ghosts.
This is probably my favorite room in the whole house. It is the green room filled with strange plants and it is perfect for having a meditative tea moment.
Black cat is made my friend Anna.
Those of you who have doll houses do you also decorate them for Christmas? or any other holiday. I hope you enjoyed this little tour )O(
Before the spread of Islam in the middle-eastern cultures people worshiped several deities and they had rather animistic world-view. Middle-eastern cultures are tribal cultures, therefore each tribe had their own local gods and goddesses. People also believed to the spirits of their ancestors and all kinds of other spirits. These spirits were often personifications of social norms and natural phenomenas.
Allah was the creator god and the highest of the gods in the Arabic folklore. Allah was the god of rain and the god of growth and people worshiped him especially durin a drougth.
Three prodector goddesses of the city of Mecca al-Lat, al-Uzza and Manat were daughter s of Allah. Allah was considered to be the highest and the oldest of all gods but direct worship of Allah was rare. After creating the universe Allah withdraw himself and only interfered human affairs in the time of need, like drought or extereme danger.
Allah lived in Aliyyiin (Arabic) / Elyon (Hebrew). Aliyyiin was a place beyond our universe, in the highest level of conscience. All the other deities ( ālihah) and the angels (malā'ikah) lived there together with him. Angels ruled all the lower levels of the universe. Allah had special relationship to jinni´s who were spirits of nature, who ruled over the desert. In the heavenly order jinni´s were just below the angels.
In the Pre-Islamic Arabic peninsula it was tradition to invoke the deities to bring the rain and later on this tradition became part of early Islamic-faith but in Islam it is a sin to invoke any other god beside Allah. Tribes like Banu Quraysh, in Mecca considered Allah as the creator of the universe, father of the gods and as the creator of all spirits. He was a similar god to the Hebrew creator god El. Christian and Jewish tribes that resided in Arabic peninsula also refered to their biblical god as Allah. In the city of Ka´abad there was a sanctuary dedicated to Allah. There was a large, black meteorite called al-Hajar al-Aswad (meaning the black stone). It was believed that the stone had mystical powers because it was of heavenly origin. Now days this stone is located in Mecca. There was no other sanctuaries for Allah.
In Arabic polytheism Allah was considered to be too great power to be interested human affairs so people worshiped his children (ālihah). In pre-Islamic Mecca Allah´s status as the creator god did not make him the prodector god of the city but his nephew Hubal, god of the war and rain got the job. In Mecca people believed that Hubal was way more interested from the lives of humans than his grandfather.
Belief for the creator god who has power over all other deities is very common in semetic belief systems. In Babylonia similar creator god was Llu, for Phoenician Elos, Eloah for the Hebrews, kanaait worshiped El and aramenians worshiped Elaha. In pre-Islamic Arabic culture words ”ilāh" (god) and ”ilāhat" (gods) refered into any other deity but not Allah. Name of Allah comes from Arabic words al-Ilah meaning the god. Allah was also seen as the god of justice and people swore oaths in his name.
Do You Like Princess Jasmine?
I am very excited about the new live-action version of Aladdin. The 1993 Disney animation was one of my childhood favorite movies, and I always admired the brave and beautiful Princess Jasmine.
What You´ll Need
1.Make The Sketch
First, I did the initial sketch. I used the scene where Jasmine enters the marketplace as a reference.
2. Add The Background Color
Paint the background with burned umber. I mixed the color myself using cadmium yellow, sinoper red, and a little bit of Prussian blue.
Watercolor Painting Tip
When you paint with watercolors, it is recommended to start with the lighter colors and then move on to the darker ones.
3. Mix The Skin Color
Jasmine has a beautiful olive-colored skin complexion. Unfortunately, my camera didnt manage to capture it very well. To match it, I mixed yellow, red, brown, and white. Because Jasmine is an animated character, I can´t play too much with the shadows of the skin. Instead, I painted the skin to look smooth like in the animation. Then, I painted her beautiful dark-brown eyes.
4. Work On The Veil And The Earrings
Her veil is ochre yellow. To make the color, mix browns and different shades of yellow together.
To paint the golden earrings, use the same ochre color but just add hints of orange and red to it.
5. Paint The Lips, Hair and Makeup
Paint her lips with sinoper red, and use a mixture of black and dark brown for her hair and makeup. To make the skin look softer, use a lighter shade of brown to paint the lines.
Will You Try Painting Princess Jasmine?
I hope you enjoyed this tutorial, and have a great time exploring the world of watercolors!
Merry Christmas! It is the last day of Mythmas and today´s story is all about the history of Finnish Santa Claus aka the Christmas goat )O( Enjoy!
Artist and Illustrator. Mythology and Folklore enthusiastic. Keen traveler. Comes from Finland. Likes cats, tea, and such.
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